257 Horizontal Line Synopsis

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This page is part of the Jesus Database project: 257 Entry into Jerusalem


Entry into Jerusalem

All four NT Gospels know this tradition. While Matthew, Luke and John each give the story a special twist to develop it in accordance with their own interests, we are clearly dealing with a common tradition:

Mark: When they were approaching Jerusalem,
Matt: When they had come near Jerusalem
Luke:
After he had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.
John:

Mark: at Bethphage and Bethany, near the Mount of Olives,
Matt: and had reached Bethphage, at the Mount of Olives,
Luke:
When he had come near Bethphage and Bethany, at the place called the Mount of Olives,
John:

Mark: he sent two of his disciples
Matt: Jesus sent two disciples,
Luke:
he sent two of the disciples, 19:30 saying, "Go into the village ahead of you, and as you enter it
John:

Mark: and said to them, "Go into the village ahead of you, and immediately as you enter it,
Matt: saying to them,
"Go into the village ahead of you, and immediately
Luke:
John:

Mark: you will find tied there a colt that has never been ridden;
Matt: you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her;
Luke:
you will find tied there a colt that has never been ridden.
John:

Mark: untie it and bring it.
Matt: untie them and bring them to me.
Luke:
Untie it and bring it here.
John:

Mark: If anyone says to you, 'Why are you doing this?'
Matt: If anyone says anything to you,
Luke: If anyone asks you, 'Why are you untying it?'
John:

Mark: just say this, 'The Lord needs it and will send it back here immediately.'"
Matt: just say this, 'The Lord needs them.' And he will send them immediately."
Luke:
just say this, 'The Lord needs it.'"
John:

Mark:
Matt:
This took place to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet, saying,
"Tell the daughter of Zion, Look, your king is coming to you,
humble, and mounted on a donkey, and on a colt, the foal of a donkey."

Luke:
John:
(see 12:15 below)

Mark: They went away and found a colt tied
Matt: The disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them;
Luke: So those who were sent departed and found it as he had told them.
John:

Mark: near a door, outside in the street.
Matt:
Luke:
John:

Mark: As they were untying it,some of the bystanders said to them,
Matt:
Luke:
As they were untying the colt, its owners asked them,
John:

Mark: "What are you doing, untying the colt?"
Matt:
Luke:
"Why are you untying the colt?"
John:

Mark: They told them what Jesus had said;
Matt:
Luke:
They said, "The Lord needs it."
John:

Mark: and they allowed them to take it.
Matt:
Luke:
John:

Mark: Then they brought the colt to Jesus
Matt: they brought the donkey and the colt,
Luke:
Then they brought it to Jesus;
John:

Mark: and threw their cloaks on it;
Matt: and put their cloaks on them,
Luke:
and after throwing their cloaks on the colt,
John:

Mark: and he sat on it.
Matt: and he sat on them.
Luke:
they set Jesus on it.
John:
(see 12:14 below)

Mark: Many people spread their cloaks on the road,
Matt: A very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road,
Luke:
As he rode along, people kept spreading their cloaks on the road.
John:
The next day the great crowd that had come to the festival heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem.

Mark: and others spread leafy branches that they had cut in the fields.
Matt: and others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road.
Luke:
John:
So they took branches of palm trees

Mark: Then those who went ahead and those who followed were shouting,
Matt: The crowds that went ahead of him and that followed were shouting,
Luke:
As he was now approaching the path down from the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to praise God joyfully with a loud voice for all the deeds of power that they had seen, saying,
John:
and went out to meet him, shouting,

Mark: "Hosanna!
Matt: "Hosanna to the Son of David!
Luke:
John:
"Hosanna!

Mark: Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!
Matt: Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!
Luke:
John:
Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord

Mark: Blessed is the coming kingdom of our ancestor David!
Matt:
Luke:
"Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord!
John:
-- the King of Israel!"

Mark:
Matt:
Luke:
John:
Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it;

Mark:
Matt: (see Matthew above)
Luke:
John:
as it is written: "Do not be afraid, daughter of Zion. Look, your king is coming, sitting on a donkey's colt!"

Mark: Hosanna in the highest heaven!"
Matt: Hosanna in the highest heaven!"
Luke: Peace in heaven, and glory in the highest heaven!"
John:

Mark:
Matt:
Luke:
Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, " Teacher, order your disciples to stop."
He answered, "I tell you, if these were silent, the stones would shout out."

John:

Mark:
Matt:
Luke:
John:
His disciples did not understand these things at first; but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things had been written of him and had been done to him. So the crowd that had been with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead continued to testify. It was also because they heard that he had performed this sign that the crowd went to meet him.

Mark:
Matt:
Luke:
John:
The Pharisees then said to one another, "You see, you can do nothing. Look, the world has gone after him!"