John Dominic Crossan
The Seminar's assessment of the historical dimensions of this tradition is expressed in the following color-coded statements:
Jesus entered Jerusalem on an ass in order to declare his messiahship in fulfillment of Zech 9:9.
The story of Jesus' entry into Jerusalem was historicized prophecy created out of Zech 9:9.
Jesus entered Jerusalem as a pilgrim at festival time, without an ass, on which occasion there were acclamations.
Jesus entered Jerusalem on an ass as a symbolic act.