213 Commentary

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This page forms part of the resources for 213 John the Baptist in the Jesus Database project of FaithFutures Foundation

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Commentary

Jesus Seminar

The voting of the Seminar on various questions relating to John the Baptist was as follows:

  • JBap baptized with water
  • JBap preached
  • JBap's characteristic activities took place in the wilderness
  • JBap preached baptism
  • JBap's baptism was a form of Jewish immersion rite
  • JBap administered baptism himself
  • JBap's baptism was done in flowing water
  • JBap's baptism was understood to express repentance
  • JBap's baptism was understood to mediate God's forgiveness
  • JBap's baptism was understood to be a protest against the temple establishment
  • JBap's baptism was understood to purify from uncleanness
  • JBap's baptism was understood as an initiation into a Jewish sectarian movement
  • JBap's baptism was understood to foreshadow an expected figure's baptism.
  • JBap taught repentance
  • JBap taught repentance apart from baptism
  • Mark 1:4 and Matt 3:2 summarize the message of JBap
  • JBap spoke the words in Mark 1:7, Luke 3:16b and Matt 3:11b
  • JBap spoke the words in Mark 1:8, Luke 3:16a,c and Matt 3:11a,c
  • JBap spoke the words in Luke 3:17 and Matt 3:12
  • JBap spoke the words in Luke 3:7-9 and Matt 3:7-10
  • JBap spoke the words in Luke 3:11
  • JBap spoke the words in Luke 3:13
  • JBap spoke the words in Luke 3:14
  • JBap spoke the words reported in John 1:15
  • JBap spoke the words reported in John 1:23
  • JBap spoke the words reported in John 1:29
  • JBap spoke the words reported in John 1:32-34
  • JBap spoke the words reported in John 3:27-30
  • JBap's exhortations and activities had a widespread appeal.
  • In response, people repented
  • In response, people were baptized
  • JBap had disciples
  • Pharisees came to hear JBap
  • Sadducees came to hear JBap
  • Toll collectors came to hear JBap
  • Soldiers came to hear JBap
  • JBap was part of a broader baptizing phenomenon or movement
  • JBap was an Essene
  • JBap was a member (or former member) of the Qumran community
  • JBap was a former Essene
  • JBap was a lone Jewish sage or holy man (like Bannus)
  • JBap imitated Elijah
  • JBap acted as a prophet
  • JBap was an apocalyptic preacher
  • JBap was perceived as a hellenistic moralist
  • JBap's locale overlaps that of Jesus
  • JBap's time overlaps that of Jesus
  • Jesus began his public ministry at the time JBap was imprisoned