114 Love Your Enemies

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This page forms part of the resources for 114 Love Your Enemies in the Jesus Database project of FaithFutures Foundation

Crossan Inventory | 114 Literature | 114 Parallels | 114 Commentary | 114 Poetry | 114 Images


(1) P. Oxy. 1224, 2 r i, lines 1-2a
(2a) 1Q: Luke 6:27-28,35a = Matt 5:43-44
(2b) Pol. Phil. 12:3a
(2c) Did. 1:3b

Crossan analysis:

Item: 114
Stratum: I (30-60 CE)
Attestation: Double
Historicity: +
Common Sayings Tradition: No


(1) POxy1224 2 r i, lines 1-2a

Ch. 6 1[A]nd p[r]ay for your [ene]mies. For the one who is not [against y]ou is on your side. 2[The one who today i]s at a distance, tomorrow will [b]e [near you,] and in [...] of the advers[ary]

“. . . κ]αὶ π[ρ]οσεύχεσθε ὑπὲρ [τῶν ἐχθ]ρῶν ὑμῶν· ὁ γὰρ μὴ ὢν [κατὰ ὑμ]ῶν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν ἐστίν.” (Oxy1224 6:1 AGOSP-T)

(2a) 1Q: Luke 6:27-28,35a

"But I say to you that listen, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28 bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. 35 But love your enemies, do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return. Your reward will be great, and you will be children of the Most High; for he is kind to the ungrateful and the wicked.

Ἀλλὰ ὑμῖν λέγω τοῖς ἀκούουσιν· ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς ἐχθροὺς ὑμῶν, καλῶς ποιεῖτε τοῖς μισοῦσιν ὑμᾶς, εὐλογεῖτε τοὺς καταρωμένους ὑμᾶς, προσεύχεσθε περὶ τῶν ἐπηρεαζόντων ὑμᾶς. πλὴν ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς ἐχθροὺς ὑμῶν καὶ ἀγαθοποιεῖτε καὶ δανίζετε μηδὲν ἀπελπίζοντες· καὶ ἔσται ὁ μισθὸς ὑμῶν πολύς, καὶ ἔσεσθε υἱοὶ ὑψίστου, ὅτι αὐτὸς χρηστός ἐστιν ἐπὶ τοὺς ἀχαρίστους καὶ πονηρούς. (Luke 6:27–28, 35 GNT-T)

= Matt 5:43-44

But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45 so that you may be children of your Father in heaven; for he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the righteous and on the unrighteous. 46 For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same?

“Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη· ἀγαπήσεις τὸν πλησίον σου καὶ μισήσεις τὸν ἐχθρόν σου. ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν· ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς ἐχθροὺς ὑμῶν καὶ προσεύχεσθε ὑπὲρ τῶν διωκόντων ὑμᾶς,” (Matthew 5:43–44 GNT-T)

(2b) PolPhil 12:3a

Pray for all the saints. Pray also for kings, and potentates, and princes, and for those that persecute and hate you, and for the enemies of the cross, that your fruit may be manifest to all, and that ye may be perfect in Him. [ANF]

Original language text is currently unavailable

(2c) Did 1:3b

Bless those who curse you, and pray for your enemies, and fast for those who persecute you. For what grace do you expect if you (only) love those who love you? Do not even the nations do that? As for you, love those who hate you, and you will not have any enemy. [Hermeneia]

“Τούτων δὲ τῶν λόγων ἡ διδαχή ἐστιν αὕτη· Εὐλογεῖτε τοὺς καταρωμένους ὑμῖν καὶ προσεύχεσθε ὑπὲρ τῶν ἐχθρῶν ὑμῶν, νηστεύετε δὲ ὑπὲρ τῶν διωκόντων ὑμᾶς. ποία γὰρ χάρις, ἐὰν ˹ ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς ˹ ἀγαπῶντας ὑμᾶς; οὐχὶ καὶ τὰ ἔθνη ⸂ τὸ αὐτὸ ⸃ ποιοῦσιν; ὑμεῖς δὲ ⸁ ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς μισοῦντας ὑμᾶς καὶ οὐχ ἕξετε ˹ ἐχθρόν.” (Didache 1:3 AF-T)