095 Parallels

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Parallels

Rabbinic

Lachs ['Rabbinic Commentary on the New Testament'] (356f) notes that there are many rabbinic parables that feature a king making a wedding for his son, of which none provide a parallel to this parable apart from the following (and then only to the wedding garment motif in Matthew):

R. Johanan b. Zakkai said: "A parable of a king who invited his servants to a banquet but did not specify to them the time. The clever ones among them adorned themselves and sat at the entrance of the king's house. They said: 'Does the king lack anything?' The foolish among them went to their work, for they said: 'Can there be a banquet without preparation?' Suddenly the king asked for his servants. The clever among them entered before him as they were adorned, but the foolish among them entered before him dirty as they were. The king rejoiced to greet the clever ones but was angry with the foolish ones. He said: 'These who have adorned themselves for the banquet, let them and eat and drink, but these who have not adorned themselves for the banquet, let them stand and merely observe.'" The son-in-law of R. Meir said in the name of R. Meir: "But the foolish would appear like attendants, let both sit down, but let the clean servants eat and drink, while the dirty ones shall go hungry and thirst." [B. Shab. 153a and Koh. R. 9.8, 3.8]