033 Parallels

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This page forms part of the resources for 033 The Golden Rule in the Jesus Database project of FaithFutures Foundation

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Parallels

Samuel T. Lachs

Lachs [Rabbinic Commentary on the New Testament] (143-45) lists the following parallels in Jewish and Christian sources:

You shall love your neighbour as yourself. [Lev 19:18]
And that which you hate, do to no man. [Tobit 4:15]
Just as a man asks something for his own soul from God,
so let him do to every living soul. [Slavonic Enoch 61:1]
What is the teaching of wisdom? And the other [the one to whom the king directed the question] replied: "As you wish that no evil should befall you, but to be a partaker of all good thing, so you should act on the same principle toward your subjects and offenders." [Aristeas 207]
The way of life is this: First thou shlt love the God who made thee, secondly thy neighbor as thyself; and whatsoever thou wouldst not have done to thyself do not thou to another. [Did 1:2]
He hath also not created the world for naught, but that His creatures should fear Him, and that none should do to his neighbor what he does not like for himself. [T.Naph. 1:6]
Be considerate to thy companion as thyself,
and be mindful of all thou detesteth. [Sira 31:15]
On another occasion it hapepned that a certain heathen came before Shammai and said to him: "Make me a proselyte on condition that you teach me the whole Torah while I stand on one foot." Thereupon he repulsed him with a builder's cubit which was in his hand. When he went before Hillel, he said to him: "What is hateful to you do not to your neighbor, that is the whole Torah, while the rest is commentary thereof; go and learn it." [B.Shab. 31a]



Muslim Jesus Traditions

Tarif Khalidi [The Muslim Jesus] provides the following traditions relevant to this cluster.

48 A man came to Jesus and said, "Teacher of goodness, teach me something that you know and I do not, that benefits me and does you no harm." Jesus asked, "What would that be?" The man said, "How can a servant be truly pious before God?" Jesus replied, "The matter is easy. You must truly love God in your heart and work in His service, exerting all your effort and strength, and be merciful toward the people of your race as you show mercy to yourself." He said, "Teacher of goodness, who are the people of my race?" Jesus replied, "All the children of Adam. And that which you do not wish done to you, do not do to others. In this way you will be truly pious befoee God." [mid-ninth century]