John Dominic Crossan
Crossan's interest in this cluster is primarily for its value as an indicator of "questions, debates and even controversies over direction, leadership and authority within the earliest communities." [Historical Jesus] (410)
- James (the apostle) had at least one visionary religious experience, which he came to regard as an appearance of the risen Jesus.
- James (the brother of Jesus) had at least one visionary religious experience, which he came to regard as an appearance of the risen Jesus.
- GHeb 9: Appearance to James, Jesus' brother
While the Jesus Seminar did not accept any of the extant texts as historical [The Acts of Jesus] (492) acknowledges that James was "highly regarded as a 'pillar' among leaders" in the early Christian communities.
Luedemann does not deal with the tradition of an appearance to James. For his views on the resurrection tradition as a whole, see his other publications on the subject, [The Resurrection of Jesus: History, Experience, Theology]. (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1994); [The Resurrection of Jesus: The greatest hoax in history?] Forum 10.3-4 (Sep/Dec 1994) 161-75; and [What Really Happened to Jesus: A Historical Approach to the Resurrection] (Louisville, Westminster John Knox Press, 1995).
See [Luedemann's web site http://www.gwdg.de/~gluedem/eng/index.htm] for further information on his views as well as his dispute with the University of Gottingen.