Difference between revisions of "014 Eye Ear Mind"

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Attestation: Multiple<BR>
 
Attestation: Multiple<BR>
 
Historicity: -<BR>
 
Historicity: -<BR>
Common Sayings Tradition: Yes
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Common Sayings Tradition: Yes<br>
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== Texts ==
 
== Texts ==
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===(2) Thom 17===
 
===(2) Thom 17===
  
<blockquote>Jesus said, "I will give you what no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, what no hand has touched, what has not arisen in the human heart." [Complete Gospels] </blockquote>
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<blockquote>Jesus said, "I will give you what no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, what no hand has touched, what has not arisen in the human heart." [Complete Gospels] </blockquote><br>
  
Original language text is currently unavailable
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No copies of this portion of Thomas survive in Greek. For the Coptic version see [[http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/thomas/gospelthomas17.html Early Christian Writings]]
 
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Original language text is currently unavailable
 
Original language text is currently unavailable
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== Literature ==
 
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== Parallels ==
 
 
===Isaiah 64:4===
 
 
From ages past no-one has heard, no ear has perceived,<br>
 
no eye has seen any God besides you, who works for those who wait for him.
 
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===Psalm of Solomon 17:44===
 
 
Blessed is he who may live in those days and see the salvation of Israel in the union of the [twelve] tribes, as it is brought about by God.
 
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===1 Enoch 58:2ff===
 
 
And on that day the holy Michael answered Raphael, saying, The power of the spirit seizes me and makes me tremble because of the harshness of the judgment of the secrets, the judgment of the angels. Who can endure the harshness of the judgment which has been executed, and before which they melt with fear? And the holy Michael answered Raphael again, and said to him, Who would not soften his heart over it and whose mind would not be disturbed by this word? Judgment has gone out against them, upon those whom they have led out like this. [[AOT]]
 
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== Commentary ==
 
 
===John Dominic Crossan===
 
 
Crossan notes that this is one of several complexes that extend the general theme of the Kingdom as an open secret but is most likely not derived from the historical Jesus. Following the proposals of William Stroker (''The Formation of Secondary Sayings of Jesus''. Ann Arbor, MI; University Microfilms International,1970. Pages 278-79) and Helmut Koester ("Gnostic Writings as Witnesses for the Development of the Sayings Tradition" in ''The Rediscovery of Gnosticism''. Supplements to Numen XLI/1. Leiden: Brill, 1980. Pages 249-50), Crossan accepts that this saying represents an esoteric Jewish tradition that was attributed to Jesus in various Christian circles. [''Historical Jesus'', 349f]
 
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===Jesus Seminar===
 
 
* <span style="font-weight: bold;">1 Cor 2:9</span><br style="font-weight: bold;" />
 
* <span style="font-weight: bold;">DialSav 57:1</span><br style="font-weight: bold;" />
 
* <span style="font-weight: bold;">DialSav 57:1</span><br style="font-weight: bold;" />
 
* <span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(153, 153, 153);">Luke 10:23b-24</span><br style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(153, 153, 153);" />
 
* <span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(153, 153, 153);">Matt 13:16-17</span><br style="font-weight: bold;" />
 
* <span style="font-weight: bold;">Thom 17</span><br />
 
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===Gerd Luedemann===
 
 
Luedemann [''Jesus'', 331] sugegsts that "the Q saying is probably authentic, since in it Jesus is addressing a beautitude to his disciples and hearerers without a community situation being visible. The beautitude is uttered on the presupposition that with the appearance of Jesus the time of salvation has dawned." Luedemann notes similar ideas in PssSol and 1 Enoch.
 
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===John P.Meier===
 
 
Meier [''Marginal Jew''] (II,434-439) accepts that the "Beatitude on Eyewitnesses" is authentic, partly on the basis of two other Q traditions he had already judged to be authentic: the Beatitudes (Luke 6:20-23) and the Reply to John (Matt 11:2-6). he also notes the immediate eschatology, the indirect reference to Jesus and the instrinsic focus on those privileged to be eyewitnesses to the events of salvation. Meier concludes, "it seems on the whole more likely that Luke 10:23-24 is a saying of the historical Jesus rather than a creation of the church."
 
 
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Latest revision as of 11:59, 12 December 2011

This page forms part of the resources for 014 Ear Eye Mind in the Jesus Database project of FaithFutures Foundation

Crossan Inventory | 014 Literature | 014 Parallels | 014 Commentary | 014 Poetry | 014 Images | 014 Synopsis


Data

(1a) 1 Cor 2:9a
(1b) 1 Clem. 34:8
(2) GThom. 17
(3) 2Q: Luke 10:23-24 = Matt 13:16-17
(4) Dial. Sav. 57a [140:1-4]

Crossan analysis:

Item: 14
Stratum: I (30-60 CE)
Attestation: Multiple
Historicity: -
Common Sayings Tradition: Yes

Texts

(1) Letters to Corinth

(a) 1Cor 2:9

But, as it is written, "What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the human heart conceived, what God has prepared for those who love him"

ἀλλὰ καθὼς γέγραπται· ἃ ὀφθαλμὸς οὐκ εἶδεν καὶ οὖς οὐκ ἤκουσεν καὶ ἐπὶ καρδίαν ἀνθρώπου οὐκ ἀνέβη, ἃ ἡτοίμασεν ὁ θεὸς τοῖς ἀγαπῶσιν αὐτόν. (1 Corinthians 2:9 GNT-T)



(1b) 1Clem 34:8

For [the Scripture] saith, "Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which He hath prepared for them that wait for Him." [ANF]

λέγει γάρ· ˹ Ὀφθαλμὸς οὐκ εἶδεν καὶ οὖς οὐκ ἤκουσεν, καὶ ἐπὶ καρδίαν ἀνθρώπου οὐκ ἀνέβη, ˹ ὅσα ˹ ἡτοίμασεν τοῖς ˹ ὑπομένουσιν αὐτόν. (1Clement 34:8 AF-T)



(2) Thom 17

Jesus said, "I will give you what no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, what no hand has touched, what has not arisen in the human heart." [Complete Gospels]

No copies of this portion of Thomas survive in Greek. For the Coptic version see [Early Christian Writings]

(3) 2Q: Luke 10:23-24

Then turning to the disciples, Jesus said to them privately, "Blessed are the eyes that see what you see! 24 For I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see what you see, but did not see it, and to hear what you hear, but did not hear it."

Καὶ στραφεὶς πρὸς τοὺς μαθητὰς κατ᾿ ἰδίαν εἶπεν· μακάριοι οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ οἱ βλέποντες ἃ βλέπετε. λέγω γὰρ ὑμῖν ὅτι πολλοὶ προφῆται καὶ βασιλεῖς ἠθέλησαν ἰδεῖν ἃ ὑμεῖς βλέπετε καὶ οὐκ εἶδαν, καὶ ἀκοῦσαι ἃ ἀκούετε καὶ οὐκ ἤκουσαν. (Luke 10:23–24 GNT-T)



= Matt 13:16-17

But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. 17 Truly I tell you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, but did not see it, and to hear what you hear, but did not hear it.

ὑμῶν δὲ μακάριοι οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ ὅτι βλέπουσιν καὶ τὰ ὦτα ὑμῶν ὅτι ἀκούουσιν. ἀμὴν γὰρ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πολλοὶ προφῆται καὶ δίκαιοι ἐπεθύμησαν ἰδεῖν ἃ βλέπετε καὶ οὐκ εἶδαν, καὶ ἀκοῦσαι ἃ ἀκούετε καὶ οὐκ ἤκουσαν. (Matthew 13:16–17 GNT-T)



(4) DialSav 22:2 [= 57a (140:1-4) ]

1 Matthew said, "Tell me, Lord, how the dead die and how the living live."


2 The Lord said, "[You have] asked me about a saying [..that] which eye has not seen, nor have I heard it, except from you. 3 But I say to you that when that which moves a person is drained out, that person will be called dead; 4 and when what is living leaves what is dead, will be called alive." [Complete Gospels]

Original language text is currently unavailable